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House Approves Plan to Cut Student Loan Rates

The House of Representatives approves a bill to cut student loan interest rates in half over the next 5 years. The measure passed with bipartisan support. But it also revealed some role reversals among House leaders.

For the past few years, Democrats in Congress have not had much power in the minority. In that time, Republicans have used a budgeting technique called a "sunset" — which can often make a new initiative look like it costs less than it does.

Today the two parties swapped roles. Republicans are too weak to swim against the tide of bills that Democrats are bringing to the floor under what's called closed rules. That means that Republicans can't even offer amendments to the bill.

The Democrats' bill would reduce interest rates on college loans for low- and middle-income students, by stepping them down slowly, from the current 6.8 percent to 3.4 percent in five years. And then, six months after loans hit the lowest rate, the whole bill sunsets, and rates go back to 6.8 percent.

No one thinks that's actually going to happen — but on the other hand it will require Congress to do something prevent it from happening. The sunset serves to make the bill look cheaper over the long haul — a tactic Republicans used many times on big tax cuts.

There is a key difference, though: Democrats have eliminated subsidies for private banks and others to pay for the student loan rate drop, so it will not add to the federal deficit.

Copyright 2023 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.

Andrea Seabrook
Andrea Seabrook covers Capitol Hill as NPR's Congressional Correspondent.